Video Compression: Why Storage & Quality Matter

If you are doubtful about video compression-related things, this is all you need to know about. Here, we got video compression explained in detail.

People are often seen complaining about the lack of storage space on their mobile devices. This is mainly because of the tons of "good morning" forwards that are spammed in WhatsApp groups every morning.

video-compression-intro

In this article we shall clearly explain video compression and how it can help you! Sit back tight and learn as we've video compression explained to you.

Part 1 What Is Video Compression?

1. What Does Video Compression Mean?

Video compression is the process of dramatic reduction of the size of bits occupied by a video. It is mainly done for optimal usage of mobile device space. If we look at it in more scientific terminology, video compression is the reduction or optimization of bits occupied to represent a particular sequence of images and audio.

What Does Video Compression Mean

2. How Modern Video Compression Algorithms Actually Work

Video compression is generally performed via a video codec that works on either one or multiple compression algorithms. Most of the time, video compression is performed by the removal of repetitive sounds, images, and/or scenes in a video.

Part 2 Why Use Compress Video?

1. To make more space on your phone

As we've seen earlier, videos eat up a huge amount of space on a device. WhatsApp groups are loaded with unnecessary forwarded videos. Some videos might well be important and it might be necessary to keep them in your memory. Hence, compressing your videos and saving them on your device is the right thing to do.

make more space on your phone

2. They're a good way to keep the videos for using later on

The compression of videos is not very lossy these days due to the advancement in technology. There is hardly any loss of quality in the newer video compression algorithms. If you want to save several videos for viewing later on, compressing them and saving them is just the perfect solution.

keep the videos for using later on

3. Easier to transfer

While changing mobile devices, we often need to transfer the existing videos and photos to the new device. Transferring photos and videos can take pretty long and hence is a tedious process. Reducing the time consumed for this transfer is necessary.

Easier to transfer

Part 3 Video Compression Formats

Video Compression Formats

1. Lossy Compression Formats

Lossy compression, as the name suggests is a technique of compression that does not decompress the entire digital data back to 100% original quality. Lossy methods are capable of compressing your videos to a high extent and produce highly compressed files that consume a minimal amount of storage bits. However, a few original pixels, video frames, and sound waves are permanently removed.

2. Lossless Compression Formats

On the contrary, lossless compression as the name suggests is the technique of compression where the amount of loss is less. Recovering the original file from the losslessly compressed file is simple. Recognizing the difference between the losslessly compressed file and the original file is almost impossible.

Part 4 Video Compression Standards – Pros & Cons

1. Image and Video Compression Standards

Video compression has 2 different approaches, one is the intra-frame approach, and the other is the inter-frame approach. The Intra-frame compression approach uses the existing video frame for the purpose of compression: i.e. it sees a video frame by frame and every picture (frame) or the video is compressed individually. The second approach is the Inter-frame compression. This method uses one or multiple frames during compression, i.e. it considers the preceding and/or succeeding frames in a defined sequence.

2. Pros and Cons of Video Compression Standards

Here are a few pros and cons of each of the video compression standards.

❶ M-PEG
Pros

Lower utilization of CPU

A clearer quality of video at a lower frame rate in comparison to MPEG-4

This format isn't sensitive to motion complexity, which implies that the motion is highly random.

Cons

Lacks in efficiency when compared to MPEG-4 and H.264

For frames that include complex textures, curves, and lines, the quality gets deteriorated dramatically.

❷ MPEG-4
Pros

This kind of video standard is perfect for streaming and television broadcasting.

The format is highly compatible with a wide variety of digital devices such as phones, computers, laptops, televisions, to name a few

Cons

The format is highly sensitive to motion complexity.

High usage of the CPU.

❸ H.264
Pros

This is the most efficient kind of video standard among all the listed formats

This standard is perfect for low motion video content.

Cons

The format is CPU intensive, i.e. it requires high CPU usage.

The format is very sensitive to Motion complexity.

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Key Takeaways from This Episode

Video compression is a highly useful tool, especially now. As we move towards the data-driven world, storage space has become more and more important.

Videos as we know occupy a huge amount of space on a phone. Hence, compressing these videos and storing them is much appreciated.

Today we made an attempt to explain video compression and notify you about the importance of video compression.

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